Spotter's Quiz No 9
Military Transports

65 Douglas C-47

Now officially named the Skytrain, this military adaptation of the DC-3 is moving material and men to every war front, to every potential center of military action. Powered by two 1,200-hp Pratt & Whitney radial engines, it has top speed of about 220 mph, cruises at 195 mph, has service ceiling of about 20,000 feet, and range of 2,100 miles. C-47 has 95' wing span, is 64' 6" long.

Wing is low cantilever type, straight center section, sweep-back, straight trailing edge.

Engines have radial cowlings on top of wing, short, rounded nacelles.

Fuselage is long, round, has little taper forward of tail, very long nose.

Tail is monoplane type, high dorsal fin with straight rudder, tailplane sweep-back.

Straight Trailing Edge

66 Lockheed C-57

Military adaptation of the commercial Lodestar, the Lockheed transport carries alternate designations of C-56, C-59, and C-60, depending on interior equipment. Powered by two 1,200-hp Pratt & Whitney radial engines, it has maximum speed of 277 mph, cruises at about 250 mph, has service ceiling of about 28,000 feet, maximum range of 1,700 miles. C-57 has a wing span of 65 6", is nearly 50' long.

Wing is low mid cantilever type, slight dihedral, sweep-back and taper to pointed wing tips.

Engine have radial cowlings, nacelles extend to trailing edge, protrude forward slightly.

Fuselage is cigar-shaped, thick profile, nose extends well forward from cockpit enclosure.

Tail is twin type, inset egg-shaped fins, straight tailplane trailing edge, sweep-back.

Mid Wing. Twin Fins

67 Bristol Bombay

An old timer in transport service, the Bombay is a bomber-transport serving the Allies on several secondary fronts. Powered by two Bristol radial engines developing a total of 1,980 hp, it has maximum speed of only 192 mph, cruises at 160 mph, has service ceiling of 25,000 feet, and maximum range of 2,230 miles. The Bombay has a wing span of 95' 6", measures 69' 3" in length.

Wing is high cantilever type, outboard dihedral, straight leading edge and center section.

Engines have radial cowlings, nacelles inset into wing are very short, extend well forward.

Fuselage has straight sides, top, and forward bottom lines, bombardier post in nose.

Tail is twin type, elliptical fins set well in on tailplane leading edge, squared tailplane.

High Wing. Inset Twin Fins

68 Junkers Ju-52/3M

The oldest type employed by the Luftwaffe, the Ju-52, in several versions, is Germany's most widely used transport. Powered by three BMW 830-hp radial engines, it has maximum speed of 189 mph, cruises at about 160 mph, has service ceiling of only 19,000 feet, and normal range of about 545 miles. It carries 20 fully-armed troops. The Ju-52 has a wing span of 95' 11", is 62' long.

Wing is low cantilever type, slight dihedral, marked sweep-back, slight taper, square tips.

Engines have radial cowlings, outboard nacelles set at slight angle mounted above wing,

Fuselage is short, narrow, with straight sides to tail, deep belly, straight top-line.

Tail is monoplane type, triangular fin, straight rudder, elevators extend beyond stabilizers.

Trimotor. Square Wing Tips

69 Savoia-Marchetti

Known in the commercial version as the Sm-75, adapted for military use as the Sm-79, this is one of Italy's most effective contributions to Axis air strength. Photo shows commercial type, silhouette shows the gun emplacement over cabin. Powered by three 750-hp Alfa Romeo radial engines, it has top speed of 264 mph, cruises at 225 mph, has service ceiling of 23,000 feet, range of 1,145 miles. It has wing span of 69' 3".

Wing is low cantilever type, no dihedral, equal sweep-back and taper, round tips.

Engines have radial cowlings, outboard nacelles underslung, tapering aft of trailing edge.

Fuselage has straight sides, hump over cabin, long nose, tapered top and bottom lines.

Tail is monoplane type, elliptical fin, straight rudder, elliptical stabilizers, straight elevators.

Trimotor. Elliptical Fin

70 Curtiss C-46

Developed from the CW-20 prototype now serving commercially in England, the C-46 is known officially as the Commando. Powered by two 1,700-hp Wright radials, it has maximum speed of 254 mph, cruises at about 200 mph, has a service ceiling of almost 27,000 feet, and range of 2,000 miles. The C-46 has a wing span of 108', is 76' 4" long, is said to carry more than thirty fully-armed troops.

Wing is low mid cantilever type, straight center section, outboard dihedral, sweep-back, taper.

Engines have radial cowlings mounted beneath wing and tapering aft to trailing edge.

Fuselage is figure-8 shape, round and streamlined, equal curve top and bottom lines.

Tail is monoplane type, tapered fin, semi-wasp rudder, sweep-back, slight taper on tailplane.

Fuselage Shape

71 Beechcraft C-45

Serving as utility transport and photographic plane with both the Army and Navy, this Beechcraft is the smallest plane bearing external resemblance to standard transports. Powered by two 450-hp Pratt & Whitney radial engines, it has maximum speed of 235 mph, cruises at 220 mph, has service ceiling of about 25,000 feet, and range exceeding 1,000 miles. The C-45 has wing span of 48', is 34' long.

Wing is low cantilever type, marked dihedral, sharp sweep-back, slight taper, round tips.

Engines have radial cowlings, broad nacelles inset with noticeable step-down to wing top.

Fuselage is broad, has thick forward section, sharp bottom line taper, short nose.

Tail is twin fin type with outboard triangular fin, elliptical rudder, straight elevators.

Low Wing, Twin Tail

72 De Havilland

Flown commercially by British Overseas Airways, the Flamingo is one of the cleanest military transports. Powered by two 880-hp Bristol radial engines, it has maximum speed of 239 mph, cruises at 200 mph, has service ceiling of 20,900 feet, range of 1,210 miles. A medium-size plane, accommodating over 20 fully-armed troops, the Flamingo has wing span of 70', is 50' 7 " long.

Wing is high cantilever type, no dihedral, straight leading edge center section, taper.

Engines have radial cowlings, long, broad nacelles mounted beneath wing.

Fuselage is thick and round, deep-bellied, has long rounded nose.

Tail is twin type, spherical fins and rudders, tailplane straight on trailing edge.

High Wing. Round Fuselage

This "Spotter's Quiz" column was originally published in the December, 1942, "Complete Spotter's Guide" issue of Air News magazine, vol 3, no 8, pp 60, 62-63.
The original Quiz includes 16 photos and 8 three-view silhouettes, 2 photos and 1 three-view for each type listed.
Photos credited to Douglas, Lockheed, British Combine, Schostal, Monkmeyer, Rudy Arnold, Beech Aircraft, William Larkins, Black Star.