Spotter's Quiz No 16
Twin-Engine Jap Planes

121 Mitsubishi MC-20

Produced by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd, in the Jap's largest aircraft plant at Nagoya, the MC-20 compares favorably with civil transports converted to military use by other belligerents. Powered by two 850-hp Kinsei radial engines, it has a top speed of 266 mph, cruises at 193 mph, has 1,240-mile range and ceiling of 23,000 feet. It has a wing span of 74', measures 52' 9" in overall length, weighs 11,900 pounds.

Wing is low cantilever type, equal taper leading and trailing edges. Wing set far back on fuselage.

Engines have radial nacelles inset into wing and tapered almost to trailing edge, large prop spinners.

Fuselage is long, apparently straight-sided in plan view, with extremely long nose.

Tail is monoplane type with tapered fin, straight rudder. Tapered stabilizers, straight elevators.

Equal Wing Taper

122 Mitsubishi 96-4

Developed from the very successful Yamato air freight commercial design, the Type 96 is used as a bomber-reconnaissance plane by the Japanese navy. Powered by two Mitsubishi Kinsei radial engines developing 1,000 hp at 10,000 feet, the Type 96 has top speed of 230 mph at 10,000 feet, cruises at 200 mph, has 950 miles range with 2,200-pound bomb load. The Type 96 has 82' wing span, is 54' long.

Wing is mid cantilever type, set far back, marked by unequal leading, trailing edge taper, raked tips.

Engines have radial cowlings extending only slightly forward of wing, tubular nacelles under wing.

Fuselage is medium length, extremely clean in lines, rounded nose, bottom step-up for ventral gun.

Tail is twin type with keystone-shape vertical surfaces, large tailplane with raked tips.

Raked Tail, Wing Tips

123 Mitsubishi 97

Like its twin~tailed predecessor, the Type 96-4, the Mitsubishi 97 is used for bomber-reconnaissance operations. Powered by two Mitsubishi Kinsei radial engines developing 870 hp each at 10,000 feet, it has top speed of 220 mph, cruises at 190 mph, has ceiling of 22,000 feet, can travel 1,180 miles with 4,400-pound bomb load. It has a wing span of 73', is 62' long, has two 7.9 guns in nose, two on top, two firing laterally, one in tail.

Wing is low mid type with marked outboard dihedral, slight taper leading edge.

Engines have radial cowlings extending well forward of wing, very broad nacelles inset.

Fuselage is shorter, thicker in profile than other Jap bombers, has raised greenhouse aft of wing.

Tail is high monoplane type with tapered fin, straight rudder, sharp tail cone, straight elevators.

Gunner's Greenhouse

124 Mitsubishi 96-1

Officially designated the Mitsubishi 96-1, generally known as the Otori, or Phoenix, this four-place Navy type is reportedly used alternately as bomber and bomber escort. Powered by two Nakajima Kotobuki radial engines, each developing 550 hp, it has a top speed estimated at 240 mph. Range, with fighter loading, is about 1,800 miles. Mitsubishi 96-1 has wing span of about 65', measures about 40' in overall length.

Wing is low cantilever type with slight taper on leading edge, sharp taper on trailing edge.

Engines have radial cowlings, nacelles inset into wing, engines extend very slightly forward of wing.

Fuselage is slab-sided, has short rounded nose, pronounced wing fillets, raised greenhouse over wing.

Tail is twin type with keystone-shaped vertical surfaces, tapered stabilizers, straight elevators.

Greenhouse Over Wing

125 Nakajima 19

Nominally a transport design, more generally used by Japs as combination transport and bomber, the Type 19 is an excellent design. Powered by Mitsubishi Kinsei radial engines developing 870 hp at 10,000 feet, it has top speed of 220 mph, cruises at 200 mph, has normal load range of 2,480 miles. It has a wing span of 72' 2", measures 50' 9" in overall length, is 11' 11" high.

Wing is mid cantilever type with slight taper on leading edge, medium taper on trailing edge.

Engines have radial cowlings symmetrically inset into wings, short nacelles far out from fuselage.

Fuselage is cigar-shaped, broad in plan, transparent nose, cabin forward, greenhouse aft of wing.

Tail is high, narrow monoplane type, straight rudder, tapered stabilizers, S-curve elevator plan.

Broad Fuselage. Narrow Tail

126 Nakajima AT

Used before the war as a ten-place commercial passenger plane, the AT was first large Jap plane converted to military use in Manchukuo. It follows closely the Douglas DC-3 pattern. Powered by two 460-hp Nakajima Kotobuki radial engines, it has top speed of 230 mph, cruising speed of 217 mph, cruising range of 1,350 miles with normal load. It has a wing span of 65' 4", measures 50' in length, carries 3,000-pound load.

Wing is low cantilever type, straight center section, outboard leading edge taper, straight trailing edge.

Engines have radial cowlings with short, inset nacelles mounted at juncture of wing panels.

Fuselage is long, slender, shaped like torpedo with long pointed nose, cabin well forward from wing.

Tail is wide monoplane type, tapered fin, straight rudder, tapered stabilizers, straight elevators.

Wing Pattern

127 Hitachi TR-1

First product of the Hitachi Aircraft Company, Ltd, which was organized with government backing early in 1939, this is one of the world's best small transports in military service. Powered by two Kamikaze radial engines rated at 240 hp, it has top speed of 180 mph, estimated cruising speed of 155 mph, range of 1,000 miles, ceiling of 19,800 feet. It has a wing span of only 47' 11", measures 34' 9" in overall length.

Wing is mid cantilever type, very thick, with straight leading edge, tapered trailing edge.

Engines have radial cowlings, long nacelles largely above the wing and extending well forward of wing.

Fuselage is very broad but has peculiar, narrow nose fronting otherwise perfect tear-drop shape.

Tail is monoplane type with tapered fin, wasp rudder, sharply tapered stabilizer, straight elevators.

Fuselage Contour

128 Mitsubishi 93-B

No longer modern by any combat standards, this plane remains a military factor because it still operates the under-equipped Chinese in some sectors. Powered by two Nakajima radials of Jupiter type, each rated at 450 hp, it has maximum speed of 155 mph, cruising speed of 130 mph, range of 650 miles, service ceiling of 20,600 feet. An exact copy of the Ju-46, it has wing span of 59' 1", is 30' 9" long.

Wing is low cantilever type, straight center section on leading edge, taper outboard;

Engines have radial cowlings with nacelles toed-out in Junkers manner and mounted on top of wing.

Fuselage is slab-sided, has open cockpit and two-story nose for bombardier standing erect.

Tail is twin type, tapered fin, straight rudder, rectangular tailplane with vertical surfaces inset.

Two-Story Nose

This "Spotter's Quiz" column was originally published in the May, 1943, issue of Air News magazine, vol 4, no 5, pp 31-33.
The original Quiz includes 16 photos and 8 three-view silhouettes, 2 photos and 1 three-view for each type listed.
Photos credited to Camera Clix, Acme.