Russian Assembly Lines Adopt Conveyor Methods

For the first time in Russian aircraft production, Soviet plants are using the new assembly line methods, following a recent double-quick reorganization.

The transformation, which took two to three weeks in most plants, with little loss of output, is reported by reliable Moscow sources, to have reduced defective material and the time necessary to train new workers. The conveyor belt systems are modeled on American types, one technical expert reported. Another expert said, "We have done this without any outside help, on a large scale, and with great success."

In one factory, which was converted in 16 days, efficiency per worker is reported to have increased 41 percent, the number of auxiliary workers has been reduced 500 percent, and production has been doubled. Time on fuselages was reduced from 160 to 62 hr.

Growth of Russian airpower is indicated by several figures. During the first week in June, Soviet airmen, said an official communique, destroyed 752 Nazi planes with a loss of but 212. And Moscow puts German May losses at 2,069. On at least one recent occasion, the Russians have employed 520 planes in their mass raids against German positions.

These news clips were originally published in the "Aviation Abroad" column of the July, 1943, issue of Aviation magazine, vol 42, no 7, p 300.