A number of new companies are organized this year to manufacture aircraft and components for war. Among these are: American Aircraft Co; Atlantic Aircraft Co; Bates Airplane Co; Dayton Wright Airplane Co; Engel Aircraft Co; General Airplane Co; Kyle-Smith Aircraft Co; Lanzius Aircraft Corp.; Lawrence Lewis Airplane Co; Lawson Aircraft Corp; Lincoln Motor Co; Loening Aeronautical Engineering Corp; New York Aero Construction Co; S S Pierce Co; St Louis Aircraft Corp; Springfield Aircraft Corp; Standard Aircraft Corp; United Eastern Airplane Co; and Vought, Lewis & Vought Co.
Aircraft Production During War
Lewis & Vought Co 7 airplanes.
June 21 Navy makes arrangements to install a Martin retractable landing gear on its VE-7 Vought airplane.
Chance M Vought delivers the first VE-7 airplane to the Navy.
Sikorsky Aero Engineering Corp is formed to build the S-29 14-passenger airplane designed by Igor Sikorsky.
Chance M Vought Co produces a series of UO biplanes for the Navy.
March 8 Lt V F Grant wins the Curtiss-Marine Trophy Race at Miami, FL, attaining a speed of 166 mph in a Vought airplane.
Chance Vought Corp, Long Island City, builds UO-1 observation planes for the Navy. A modification of this airplane, designated the QO-1, is also turned out for the Cuban Air Force.
Aircraft Corp of America (Airco) is formed in New York to act as selling agents for the Sikorsky Mfg Co.
Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Co, with F B Rentschler as President and George A Mead as Chief Engineer, is formed at Hartford, CT, to manufacture aircraft engines.
Sikorsky Mfg Co takes over the Sikorsky Aero Engineering Corp. The new company, of which Igor Sikorsky is President, is capitalized for $1,000,000.
Chance Vought Corp, in addition to producing UO-1, UO-3, UF-1, and O2U-1 military aircraft, develops a Naval transport and commercial carrier plane, which are being produced in small quantities.
February 6 Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Company produces its first engine, a nine-cylinder radial air-cooled engine, which develops about 400 hp at 1,800 rpm.
September 21 In an effort to capture the $25,000 Orteig Prize for the first aviator to fly from New York to Paris, Capt Rene Fonck, French aviator, flying an S-35 Sikorsky, crashes on takeoff from Roosevelt Field, LI. Two crew members, Jacob Islamoff and Charles Clavier, are burned to death in crash, but Capt Fonck and Lt L W Curtin, US Navy officer acting as navigator, are uninjured.
Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Co starts quantity production of its air-cooled radial engines.
Sikorsky Mfg Co builds the S-31.
Hamilton Metalplane Co is organized at Milwaukee, to construct an all-metal passenger- and mail-carrying cabin monoplane, designed by Thomas Hamilton.
Sikorsky Mfg Corp, College Point, LI, builds the S-32, a five-place observation mail-carrier transport; the S-35, a three-engined biplane; and the S-36, an eight-place amphibian flying boat.
Stearman Aircraft, Inc, Venice, CA, is formed by the consolidation of the Lyle-Hoyt Corp, formerly West Coast distributors for Travel Air, and Lloyd Stearman, who is President of the new firm. Company produces the Stearman C.1 single-bay biplane.
Chance Vought Corp, Long Island City, develops two new airplanes this year, the Corvette and the Dolphin, in addition to producing its long line of Naval aircraft.
Pratt & Whitney, whose sales have risen from nothing in 1925 to $7,900,000 in October of 1928, becomes a part of United Aircraft & Transport Corp.
Sikorsky Mfg Corp is taken over by United Aircraft & Transport Co and is now known as Sikorsky Aviation Corp, Division of United Aircraft & Transport Co. New company, with a plant at Bridgeport, CT, and with Igor Sikorsky as Vice-President and Engineer, enters into an agreement with the Curtiss Flying Service and Curtiss Export Co to handle sales of Sikorsky products.
United Aircraft & Transport Co is formed in New York under sponsorship of the National City Bank to acquire control of certain aircraft, engine, and propeller manufacturing companies.
February 4-5 Capt Frank Hawks and Oscar E Grubb fly nonstop from Los Angeles to New York in a Pratt & Whitney Wasp-powered Lockheed, setting a new West-East record of 18 hr, 21 min, 59 sec.
November 22 Amelia Earhart, flying a Pratt & Whitney-powered Lockheed Vega, establishes a new speed record for women of 184.17 mph.
Boeing Airplane Co becomes a part of United Aircraft & Transport Co. Firm builds the 80-A all-metal "Pullman of the air" twelve-passenger monoplane. Also introduces the Monomail transport, the first to adopt the retractable landing gear.
Hamilton Metal Plane Co, Milwaukee, becomes a part of the Boeing Airplane Co and is now known as the Hamilton Metal Plane Division of the Boeing Airplane Co
Northrop Aviation Corp, Division of United Aircraft & Transport Co, comes into being when United Aircraft absorbs the Avion Corp, organized earlier in the year by John K Northrop and W K Kay.
Sikorsky Aviation Corp, now a Division of United Aircraft & Transport Co, is producing the S-35, S-36, and S-37 multi-motored transports.
United Aircraft & Transport Co, Inc, now controls the following: Boeing Airplane Co; Chance Vought Corp; Hamilton Metalplane Co; Stearman Aircraft Corp; Sikorsky Aircraft Corp; Northrop Aviation Corp; Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Corp; Canadian Pratt & Whitney Aircraft, Ltd; Boeing Aircraft of Canada, Ltd; Boeing Air Transport, Inc; Boeing School of Aeronautics; United Aircraft Exports, Inc; Pacific Air Transport; and Stout Airlines, Inc.
April 20 Col and Mrs Charles A Lindbergh, flying a Pratt & Whitney Wasp-powered Lockheed Sirius, making a one-stop flight from Los Angeles to New York in 14 hr, 23 min, 27 sec flying time, establish unofficial record.
July 25 Chance M Vought, well-known aircraft designer, dies at Southampton, LI, NY.
Boeing Airplane Co, Division of the United Aircraft & Transport Co, builds an experimental bomber monoplane, the well-known F3B-1, and the Monomail, single-engined transport.
Northrop Aviation Corp, Division of United Aircraft & Transport Co, builds the six-place low-wing Alpha monoplane and the Beta.
November 17 Col Charles A Lindbergh flies Pan American Airways' American Clipper (a Sikorsky amphibian) on her maiden flight from Miami to Cienfuegos, to inaugurate the direct Cuba-to-South America service.
Boeing Airplane Co, Division of the United Aircraft & Transport Co, builds the F3B-1 Army pursuit plane, in addition to producing the popular Monomail transport.
Hamilton Metalplane Div of the Boeing Airplane Co (Division of United Aircraft & Transport Co) suspends aircraft manufacturing activity.
Northrop Aircraft Corp, Division of United Aircraft & Transport Co, is consolidated with the Stearman Aircraft Co of Wichita, also controlled by United.
Sikorsky Aviation Corp builds the RS-1 amphibian biplane and the XPBS-1 four-engined patrol boat for the Navy.
Boeing Airplane Co, Division of United Aircraft & Transport Co, produces the Y1B-9A all-metal twin-engined monoplane bomber and the P-26 fighter for the Army.
Northrop Corp is founded by John K Northrop at Inglewood, CA, after Northrop Aircraft, Division of United Aircraft & Transport Co, is consolidated with Stearman Aircraft in September of 1931. New company produces a single-seater, all-metal, low-wing monoplane for Frank Hawks and is constructing another new type for the Wilkins-Ellsworth Antarctic Expedition.
Robert Collier Trophy for 1933 is awarded to the Hamilton Standard Propeller Company, with particular credit to Frank W Caldwell, Chief Engineer, for the development of a controllable-pitch propeller now in general use.
Important developments in the aircraft industry this year include a method for satisfactorily cooling high-power air-cooled engines enclosed by cowling (solved by A L McClain, F M Thomas, and Rex B Beisel of United Aircraft & Transport Corporation, through research on "baffling"); improvement of the two-row radial air-cooled engines; development of retractable landing gears for use on fast carrier-based fighters for the Navy; and the successful functioning of a new type of radio compass developed by Wright Field engineers and installed in Wiley Post's airplane for his round-the-world flight.
Boeing Airplane Co, Division of United Aircraft & Transport Co, produces 75 of their Model 247-D all-metal transport planes for the air lines and a fleet of the P-26A pursuit planes for the Army.
Boeing Airplane Co secedes from control of United Aircraft & Transport Corp and becomes an independent manufacturing organization, with the Boeing Aircraft of Seattle, the Stearman Aircraft Co of Wichita, and the Boeing Aircraft of Canada, Ltd, as subsidiaries.
Sikorsky Aviation Corp produces the S-42 Clipper, which pioneers Pan American Airway's Pacific service.
United Aircraft & Transport Corp is dissolved under the Air Mail Act of this year, and separate companies are set up to engage in the manufacturing and transportation fields.
United Aircraft Corp, East Hartford, CT, is organized as successor to United Aircraft & Transport Corp in the manufacturing field. This corporation, controls Chance Vought Corp, Hamilton Standard Propeller Co, Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Co, and Sikorsky Aviation Corp.
United Airlines Transport Corp is formed to take over the transportation operations of the now-dissolved United Aircraft & Transport Corp, which includes Boeing Air Transport, Pacific Air Transport, Varney Airlines, United Airlines, and National Airlines.
United Aircraft Exports Corp, NY, is formed as a subsidiary of United Aircraft Corp and takes over assets of United Aircraft Exports, Inc
Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Division, United Aircraft Corp, develops a new 1,160-hp 14-cylinder twin-row Wasp engine. Navy awards $2,743,721 contract to the company for 249 Pratt & Whitney engines.
Sikorsky Aviation Corp builds twelve of the S-43 15-passenger amphibians for Pan American Airways and receives orders for three of this model from Colonial Line for service in Africa.
Stearman Aircraft Co receives a War Department order for 28 additional training planes toward the close of this year.
Chance Vought Division, United Aircraft Corp, builds the SBU-1 Corsair for the Navy and the V-143 low-wing monoplane for the Army.
United Aircraft Corp and subsidiaries report a net income of $434,635 for 1935.
January 19 Howard Hughes, flying a Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp Jr-powered Hughes Special racer, flies from Los Angeles to New York in 7 hr, 28 min, 25 sec, for an average speed of 327.5 mph.
March 21 United Airlines experiences the first air-transport suicide in America when Anatole Maren plunges from one of their planes near Bakersfield, CA.
December 29 Pan American Airways inaugurates commercial transpacific service between Aukland, New Zealand, and San Francisco, using a Sikorsky S-42 Clipper.
Sikorsky Aviation Corp sells eleven Sikorsky twin-engined amphibians to the Navy at a cost of $1,960,790.
United Aircraft Corp shows a consolidated net profit of $3,856,272 for the year.
June 12 Frederick W Neilson, former President of Sikorsky Aircraft Co, dies at Boca Raton, FL, at the age of 42.
Boeing Airplane Co, Seattle, WA, announces a change in its corporate structure, which makes the Stearman Aircraft Co, of Wichita, KS, a division of Boeing Airplane Co. Boeing Aircraft Co is the Seattle manufacturing subsidiary of Boeing Airplane Co.
Pratt & Whitney Division, United Aircraft Corp, is awarded a contract for airplane engines amounting to $1,172,919.
Stearman Aircraft Division, Boeing Airplane Co, builds attack bombers at its Wichita, KS, plant.
October 13 George Jackson Mead, United Aircraft Corporation, is appointed by the President to replace Dr Joseph S Ames on the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
Stearman Aircraft, Division of Boeing, produces the PT-13A, primary trainer for the Army.
Chance Vought Aircraft and Sikorsky Aircraft, divisions of United Aircraft Corp, are consolidated as the Vought-Sikorsky Division, United Aircraft Corp.
Sikorsky Aviation Corp is merged with Chance Vought Aircraft Corp to become Vought-Sikorsky Division of United Aircraft Corp Company produces VS-43B 19-passenger amphibian flying boat.
April 27 Eric Radke and William E Bowerman, both inspectors for the Civil Aeronautics Authority, are killed when the Sikorsky S-38 amphibian they are testing dives into Long Island Sound.
Henry Ford reenters the aviation field, erecting an $11,000,000 plant in which to build Pratt & Whitney aircraft engines. Ford Motor Co receives initial contract from the War Department of $122,323,020 for 4,000 engines.
United Aircraft Corp, reporting a total sales and operating revenue of $78,714,377 for the first 9 months of this year, has a backlog of unfilled orders amounting to $189,550,879. Eugene E Wilson is elected President of the corporation to succeed the late Donald L Brown.
Vought-Sikorsky Division, United Aircraft Corp, completes 57 military aircraft during the year, 56 of which are the OS2U-1, 2, Kingfisher for the Navy. Igor Sikorsky develops the VS-300 experimental helicopter and produces one S-43 flying dreadnaught for the Navy.
April 16 Igor I Sikorsky sets a national helicopter record by hovering virtually motionless over Stratford, CT, Airport, for 1 hr, 5 min.
May 6 Igor I Sikorsky remains aloft in a helicopter at Stratford, CT, for 1 hr, 32 min, 49 sec.
December 23 Hall L Hibbard, Vice-President and Chief Engineer of Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, is elected as President of the Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences for 1942, succeeding Frank W. Caldwell, Director of Research for United Aircraft Corporation, this year's President.
Buick Motor Co builds a $25,000,000 plant for the production of Pratt & Whitney aircraft engines.
Stearman Aircraft, which delivers its one-thousandth trainer for the Army in March of this year, is now known as the Wichita Division of the Boeing Airplane Co.
Vought-Sikorsky Division of the United Aircraft Corp completes three giant VS-44 flying boats Excalibur for American Export Airlines, and produces 632 fighter, dive bomber, and observation planes for the US Navy and the British government. These models are designated OS2U Kingfisher, SB2U Vindicator and Chesapeake, and F4U Corsair.
November 26 A water-injection device, developed by Pratt & Whitney Aircraft, gives added "bursts of power" to engines installed in fighter aircraft
The Sylvanus Albert Reed Award for 1942 is presented to Igor Ivan Sikorsky "for the creation and reduction to successful practice of a helicopter of superior controllability."
Vought-Sikorsky Aircraft Division, United Aircraft Corp, delivers 819 military aircraft, including the OS2U-3 Kingfisher, F4U Corsair, and the JR2S.
Brewster Aeronautical Corp management is taken over by Henry Kaiser, and production of Vought F-3A Corsair Navy fighters is undertaken, in addition to production of Brewster's SB-2A Bermudas. Company builds a total of 703 of these two types this year.
Goodyear Aircraft Corp, Akron, OH, manufactures 377 FG-1 Corsair fighters for the Navy under license from Chance Vought Aircraft Division.
Hamilton Standard propellers, developed by the Hamilton Standard Propellers Division of United Aircraft Corp, are also now being produced by Frigidaire, Remington-Rand, and Nash-Kelvinator.
Pratt & Whitney aircraft engines, in addition to being produced by Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Division, United Aircraft Corp, at Hartford, CT, are also being built now by Jacobs, Continental, Ford, Buick, Chevrolet, and Nash-Kelvinator.
Sikorsky Aircraft Division, United Aircraft Corp, now confines its production exclusively to helicopters, building 14 of the R-4 and YR-4 types for the Army and Navy.
Vought-Sikorsky Division of United Aircraft Corp is split up into separate manufacturing organizations, with Vought now known as the Chance Vought Aircraft Division. At its Stratford, CT, plant alone, 1,780 F4U Corsair fighters are produced. This model is also being built by Brewster and Goodyear.
February 14 Igor Sikorsky is awarded the Fawcett Trophy "for making the greatest scientific contribution to aviation in 1943."
Brewster Aeronautical Corp continues production of F3A (Vought) Corsair fighters and SB-2A Bermuda dive bombers, building 599 of the former and 35 of the latter during the year.
Goodyear Aircraft Corp, in addition to mass production of wing panels and tail surfaces for other manufacturers, builds 2,108 complete (Vought) Corsair fighters.
Nash-Kelvinator Corp receives a license to build Sikorsky helicopters for the Army and produces five of the YR-6 models at Lansing, MI.
Sikorsky Aircraft Division, United Aircraft Corp, continues development of helicopter models, going into quantity production of the Model R-5.
Chance Vought Aircraft Division, United Aircraft Corp, devotes its entire facilities to production of Navy F4U Corsair fighters, delivering 2,673 complete airplanes.
February 24 Capt Jack Knight, pioneer commercial air transportation pilot who flew 2,400,000 miles with United Air Lines, Inc, dies at Niles, MI.
Nash-Kelvinator, Detroit, delivers 214 R-6 and YR-6 Sikorsky helicopters this year, before cancellation of its contracts.
Sikorsky Aircraft Division of United Aircraft Corp produces its new four-place S-51 helicopter, the commercial version of the R-5 military model.
Chance Vought Aircraft Division, United Aircraft Corp, turns out 2,046 F4U Corsairs this year. Its production rate on August 14 was one complete airplane every 82 min.
January 10 Army R-5 Sikorsky helicopter sets six new official world's records for speed and altitude at Bridgeport, CT.
May 9 New York Yankees Baseball Club signs contract with United Air Lines, Inc, to travel by air throughout 1946 season, becoming the first Major League team to use air transportation for its full schedule.
Sikorsky Aircraft Division, United Aircraft Corp, produces two model helicopters this year, the S-52 and the S-51.
United Aircraft Corp reports a net income for 1946 of $6,060,749. Its Pratt & Whitney, Hamilton Standard Propellers, Chance Vought Aircraft, and Sikorsky Aircraft divisions enter 1947 with back orders totaling $285 000,000.
Chance Vought Aircraft Division, United Aircraft Corp, develops the XF6U-1 Pirate for the Navy and builds an experimental bat-wing fighter, designated the XF5U-1.
February 6 Igor I Sikorsky is awarded the Gold Medal of the Fédération Aeronautique Internationale.
June 5 Pratt & Whitney Aircraft announces development of the R-2180 1,650-hp engine for medium transports.
June 19 United Aircraft Corp acquires rights to 200 helicopter patents from Autogiro Co of America.